As the days begin to lengthen, we can see our grass beginning to grow. After a long dormant winter, it's time to give it a little boost and attention.
We have compiled Lawn Tips to help you get the most out of your lawn this season.
1. Remove Thatch from the lawn
What it does: Thatch is an unwanted accumulated debris which sits between the soil and grass blades. Over time thatch will block sunlight, water and nutrients from getting to the soil below, thereby limiting, healthy growth.
How to do it: If you have a thick layer of thatch on the soil, it will be spongy to walk on. To remove a thick layer of thatch, it would be best to de-thatch first and then scarify. To de-hatch, use a de-thatching hand rake to remove old material. It’s best practice to mow the lawn first, then rake in one direction and once the thatch is loosened, you can use a leaf rake to collect the loose thatch from the lawn. De-thatching should only be carried out during the growing season.
2. Aerate Your Lawn
What it does: Aerating puts tiny little holes in the soil, allowing water, air and nutrients to efficiently reach grass roots. Allowing these nutrients to easily enter the soil creates a healthier, greener and more vibrant lawn.
How to aerate: First mow your lawn. Then wait for the next shower of rain and when the soil is wet this is the easiest time to aerate your lawn. Choose your tool of choice, a pitch fork or you might prefer to use a rolling lawn aerator. Push the tines down at least 6 inches into the soil and try to cover areas in straight lines so you don’t loose track and miss out on a patch.
3. Lime Your Lawn to Balance Acidity
What it does: The acidity levels of your soil affects how successfully grass grows. If your lawn is not thriving and fertiliser isn’t helping, your soil may well be too acidic. Spreading lime on the soil will restore the soil to the optimum pH level, between 6 and 7.
How to do it: You can purchase a PH testing kit in your local garden centre. If your soil falls below the recommended pH levels try adding some lime to your lawn. A rotary spreader is very useful to spread the lime.
4. Remove Moss, Weeds and feed your lawn
In late Spring / early Summer, it's time to feed your lawn. The lawn feed you use depends very much on the challenges your lawn is experiencing. Consider the following situations;
Moss on the lawn: Moss flourishes in wet, shaded areas of the lawn. This makes late spring & early summer the perfect time for clearing moss infestations through scarification, de-thatching and treatments. However, if you have a persistent problem with moss on your lawn, it would be beneficial to treat and feed your lawn with a product that controls moss.
Moss master is a recommended treatment for moss, it is rich in organic matter & slow-release nutrients to feed your lawn. It will naturally digest moss and convert it into organic lawn feed. Moss master is also safe for children, pets and wildlife and will feed your lawn for up to 3 months.
Lawn Sand is another tried and tested option for controlling moss, it will toughen the grass against diseases, increasing its immunity power, and creating a greener lawn. Lawn sand is effective for killing existing moss, however, it won’t resolve a persistent moss problem. A useful added benefit of lawn sand is that it will help aid with drainage, helping water move through the soil more quickly.
5. Over-seed To Patch Up Gaps
6. Cutting your lawn
For grass cutting there is an important golden rule - the one third rule. The one third rule is about how much grass you take off every time you mow so its important to know the blade height at which you cut your grass. In summer time, keep your lawn mower at the highest recommended setting, the longer the grass, the more water it will retain and the more shade it will provide to the roots.
How to measure the height of your cut.
Take a take measure or a ruler and push it down into the grass and this will measure the height of the grass
Cut a section of your grass and measure it again and you will be able to tell what height the mower cuts at different settings
If your grass is for example 6 cm long, never remove more than a third of a blade of grass, or in this case, more than 2cm. The amount of energy a plant can produce is directly related to the surface area of the leaf. The purpose of a leaf of grass is to store and make energy. Grass is green because the cells contain chlorophyll which enables the plant to carry out photosynthesis. When you cut your grass, the plant cells loses its supply to generate calories, you are effectively putting the plant on a diet. By sticking to the one third rule you are avoiding that diet situation where the plants get weaker. Instead, you're only reducing the plant's calorie intake by a manageable amount.
Feel free to contact our Garden Centre in Cork for any gardening advice and tips on 021 4888134.
We will be happy to assist you!